Re: "best practices" on debian
From: Alex Malinovich (demonbane_at_the-love-shack.net)
To: debian-user <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: Tue, 30 Dec 2003 15:15:49 -0600
On Tue, 2003-12-30 at 11:49, Anthony DiSante wrote:
> I found apt-get.org, and see that there are lots of debian packages
> available from various sources there. But some things, for example mozilla,
> are available right from the mozilla site as binaries that have always "just
> worked" in my experience. Is it bad to install mozilla that way, completely
> bypassing the apt system?
> Likewise for gaim, and the alsa audio drivers, I've never had any trouble
> building them from source on my Slackware system, so I'd guess they'd build
> fine on my Debian system.
All of these have the most recent available versions already available
in unstable, so it's better to just use unstable then.
> And I want to go to XFree86 4.3, but dist-upgrade
> only gave me 4.2.
> I definitely want to have the latest versions for certain packages, like
> these ones I've mentioned. But if I install them manually, is that a
> problem? Isn't my whole apt system going to then be out-of-sync with what's
> actually installed on my box? Or is there a way to make apt give me the
> very latest versions (is that what "unstable" is)?
Yes, this is what unstable is for. The easiest way to use it is to open
up /etc/apt/sources.list, and change any instances of 'woody' to 'sid'
and any instances of 'stable' to 'unstable'. (woody/stable and
sid/unstable are the same so you could use either of each pair)
If you want XFree 4.3 you'll also want to use experimental. Add the
following to your sources.list:
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ ../project/experimental main
Then you'll want to look at either pinning, or using something like -t
with apt-get. (That's what I do.) So to install the xf86 4.3 server for
example, you'd do something like:
apt-get install -t experimental xserver-xfree86
Note that unless versions are specifically specified in the
dependencies, you'll most likely end up with a mixture of 4.2 and 4.3 X
packages. This isn't really a bad thing, but if you want to be thorough
you'll want to look at pinning.
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