Installing DjVu plug-in





Please anybody who ever could me lend a helping hand !
I had an unsuccessful attempt to install DjVuLibre -3.5.17 plug-in on
my Fedora Core 4.
Last time I had not only tried but have comleted the process
according to the enclosed INSTALL. But in spite of all my endevour the
plug-in doesn't work for me ! In the course of my atempt I had made the
following sequence:
I had downloaded from http://djvu.libre.djvuzone.org
The downloaded tar.gz stuff was uncompressed, untared
$ cd to the same directory
$ ./configure
$ make then changed to su
# make install
After I had ascerteaned the site of the file plug-in with ls -al.
As I got along in the INSTALL guide there are different versions of browsers all having similar
structure.
In the guide there is a proposal for mozilla-firefox version
to change directory and then make a symbolic link in order to find the
executable when the browser want execute the plug-in.
$ cd /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so nsdejavu.so
to my annoyance there are only - in my FedoraC 4 - two choices between two
candidate that may hold the browser driver:
/usr/lib/mozilla/plugin
or /usr/lib/mozilla-1.7.8/plugins
The bug may be in the different environment suspected by Instruction and
the real lay out of my FC4. In the INSTALL instruction one presumed:
/usr/local/.netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so
/usr/lilb/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so
but in the real lay out there is nowhere /netscape/ subdirectory !
However, with this plug-in if were succeded - one should be able to read
documents of these kind.

In the INSTALL instruction stated as follows:

You must establish a link from the appropriate plug-in directory.
Let us assume that mozilla is installed under /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox
and that the DjVu plug-in is installed in /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins.

$ cd /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so nsdejavu.so

In my terminal can be found as follows:

[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ ls -al /usr/lib/mozilla
összesen 64
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 máj 1 2006 .
drwxr-xr-x 97 root root 45056 máj 1 2006 ..
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 máj 1 2006 plugins
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ ls -al /usr/lib/mozilla-1.7.8/plugins
összesen 44
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 okt 12 22:05 .
drwxr-xr-x 11 root root 4096 máj 1 2006 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 37 okt 12 22:05 libdjvulibre.so -> /usr/local/lib/li bdjvulibre.so.15.2.0
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16976 máj 13 2005 libnullplugin.so
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ ls -al /usr/local/lib
összesen 1896
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 okt 12 21:26 .
drwxr-xr-x 13 root root 4096 okt 12 18:32 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 817 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.la
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 22 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.so -> libdjvulibre.so .15.2.0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 22 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.so.15 -> libdjvulibre .so.15.2.0
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1889639 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.so.15.2.0
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 okt 12 21:26 pkgconfig
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ ls -al /usr/lib/mozilla
bash: Gyurka@bakacs: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ összesen 64
bash: összesen: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 máj 1 2006 .
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 97 root root 45056 máj 1 2006 ..
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 máj 1 2006 plugins
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ [Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ ls -al /usr/lib/mozilla-1.7.8/plugins
bash: [Gyurka@bakacs: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ összesen 44
bash: összesen: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 okt 12 22:05 .
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 11 root root 4096 máj 1 2006 ..
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 37 okt 12 22:05 libdjvulibre.so -> /usr/local/lib/li bdjvulibre.so.15.2.0
bash: /usr/local/lib/li: Hozzáférés megtagadva
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16976 máj 13 2005 libnullplugin.so
bash: -rwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ [Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ ls -al /usr/local/lib
bash: [Gyurka@bakacs: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ összesen 1896
bash: összesen: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 okt 12 21:26 .
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 13 root root 4096 okt 12 18:32 ..
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 817 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.la
bash: -rw-r--r--: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 22 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.so -> libdjvulibre.so .15.2.0
bash: lrwxrwxrwx: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 22 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.so.15 -> libdjvulibre .so.15.2.0
bash: lrwxrwxrwx: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1889639 okt 12 21:26 libdjvulibre.so.15.2.0
bash: -rw-r--r--: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 okt 12 21:26 pkgconfig
bash: drwxr-xr-x: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$ [Gyurka@bakacs ~]$
bash: [Gyurka@bakacs: command not found
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$
[Gyurka@bakacs ~]$




In the hope I'll be
able to recompanse your pains
I stay sincerely yours Gyurka



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1- PREREQUISITES
================

DjVuLibre-3.5 relies on various components available from the web.
Most recent Linux distribution already come with these.
You can also download and compile them if you wish.

Be sure to read the system specific notes
at the end of this file.


1.1 - C++ COMPILER
------------------

We strongly suggest to use the well known g++ compiler on all platforms. You
need at least version gcc-2.91.66 (also known as egcs-1.1.2). Development was
achieved using gcc-2.95.3, gcc-2.96-85, gcc-3.02, and gcc-3.2.2.

RedHat 7.x users should make sure they have the latest redhat updates of the
compiler. Early versions of gcc-2.96 have serious bugs. See
<http://www.redhat.com/support/errata/RHBA-2001-082.html>.


1.2 - LIBJPEG/LIBTIFF
---------------------

A small number of DjVu files internally use JPEG encoding instead
of IW44 wavelet encoding. These files are processed using either
version 6a or 6b of the IJG libjpeg library <http://www.ijg.org>.

Some utility programs are able to read TIFF files. These programs
rely on the LIBTIFF library <http://libtiff.org>.

You can also compile DjVuLibre with neither JPEG nor TIFF support.
You might never notice the difference.


1.3 - QT
--------

The graphical user interface of the viewer relies on the Qt library
from TrollTech <http://www.trolltech.com>. The command line tools
do not rely on Qt and can be compiled independently.

The source code of the Qt library can be downloaded from
<ftp://ftp.trolltech.com/qt/source/qt-x11-2.3.1.tar.gz>.

Avoid versions earlier than 2.2.0.
Suggested versions are 2.3.1 and 3.1+


1.4 - THREADS
-------------

The DjVu viewer makes heavy use of multiple threads of execution. Modern
Unix operating systems come with the standardized Posix threads.
DjVuLibre-3.5 fully supports detecting and using Posix threads.

For the sake of older operating systems, DjVuLibre-3.5 offers a custom
threading model called CoThreads. CoThreads work best with a two line patch
to the GCC compiler. This is described in files "etc/README.libgcc". The
configuration script will auto-detect the available threading model and suggest
applying the GCC patch when it is needed.


1.5 - MAKE
----------

There are various kind of "make" programs around with various capabilities.
If you run into problems, get gnu-make !





2- COMPILE
==========

Chances are that everything will work by simply running
commands "configure", "make" and "make install".


2.1- CONFIGURE
-------------

Various options and environment variables affect the execution of the
configuration script. A complete list can be obtained by typing
"configure --help". Here are the most important ones.

* Option "--prefix=PREFIXDIR"

This option specifies where the DjVuLibre software will be installed.
The default prefix is /usr/local.

* Option "--enable-desktopfiles[=(yes|no)]"

Selecting this option installs icons and menu entries
compatible with several desktop environments such as KDE or GNOME.
This is enabled by default when ${prefix} is /usr.

* Option "--enable-i18n[=(yes|no|languages)]"

Enable generation of translation files and man pages
for the specified languages. By default, translation files
and man pages are generated for all available languages

* Options "--with-extra-includes=DIR"
and "--with-extra-libraries=DIR"

This option defines additional directories for
searching include files or libraries.

* Option "--with-qt=QTDIR"

This option specifies the base location of the Qt library.
Without this option, the configuration script will inspect
environment variable QTDIR as well as a few typical locations.
When everything else fails (that should not happen), you
can simply define the environment variables
QT_CFLAGS, QT_LIBS and MOC.

* Option "--with-jpeg=JPEGDIR"

This option specifies a directory where the JPEG library has been
compiled. This directory contains both the include files and the
library. Without this option, the configuration script will search
the JPEG library in standard places.
When everything else fails, you can simply define the environment
variables JPEG_CFLAGS and JPEG_LIBS.

* Option "--with-tiff=TIFFDIR"

This option specifies a directory where the LIBTIFF library has been
compiled. This directory contains both the include files and the
library. Without this option, the configuration script will search
the LIBTIFF library in standard places.
When everything else fails, you can simply define the environment
variables TIFF_CFLAGS and TIFF_LIBS.

* Option "--enable-threads=(posix|cothread)"

This option specifies which threading model should be used.
Without this option, the configuration script will first
try to detect how to use posix threads and fall back to cothreads.
You can help the search process by defining environment
variables PTHREAD_CFLAGS and PTHREAD_LIBS.

IMPORTANT:

Always check the output of the configuration script for warnings and errors.
In particular, the configuration script might disable the compilation of
djview if it cannot locate the required libraries and utilities. The warning
messages are the only way to know.



2.2- MAKE
---------

You can then perform the compilation by typing

$ make

The compilation can last a few minutes. Again check the output for warnings
and errors. Finally a brief message lets you know that the compilation was
successful. You can then proceed with the installation.


2.2- INSTALL
------------

The installation procedure will:

- install the executable programs into "${prefix}/bin".
- possibly install the shared library "${prefix}/lib/libdjvu-3.5.so".
- install the man pages under "${prefix}/man or ${prefix}/share/man".
- install the Netscape plug-in as "${prefix}/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so".
- install various ancillary files under "${prefix}/share/djvu".
- optionally install information files for desktop environments.

The where ${prefix} refers to the directory specified by the prefix option of
the configuration script. The default prefix is /usr/local.

To perform the installation, simply type :

$ make install

Of course you must have the appropriate permissions to
perform the installation. Chances are that you need to
be root to install something into /usr or /usr/local.




3- PLUG-IN ISSUES
================


3.1- NETSCAPE 4.7
-----------------


The DjVu Netscape plug-in is a shared library which runs program djview
in slave mode. This shared library is normally installed in:

${prefix}/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so.

Therefore, unless you specified a different prefix to the configure program,
the shared library is installed in /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins. This is a
good thing since Netscape 4 always searches this directory for plug-ins.

3.1.1- DISABLING PREVIOUS VERSIONS OF THE DJVU PLUG-IN

You might have however to first disable any previous version of the plug-in.
Selecting menu "Help->About Plugins" in Netscape displays the current list of
plug-ins. Previous versions of the plug-in were often installed in one of the
following locations.

${HOME}/.netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so
/usr/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so
/opt/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so

You can safely remove these files to disable the previous version of the DjVu
plug-in. You can also remove the directory "DjVu" that was installed under the
corresponding "netscape" or ".netscape" directory. Note that "nsdejavu.so"
and "DjVu" are often symbolic links to the actual installation directory.
Removing the symbolic links is sufficient to disable the plug-in.

3.1.2- ALTERNATIVE PLUG-IN INSTALLATION STRATEGIES

More complicated cases can be dealt using one of the following strategies.

- You can explicitly set the plug-in search path by setting the
environment variable NPX_PLUGIN_PATH before starting Netscape.
Setting this variable overrides Netscape default search directories.

$ NPX_PLUGIN_PATH="${prefix}/lib/netscape/plugins:$HOME/.netscape/plugins"
$ export NPX_PLUGIN_PATH ; netscape

- You can create a symbolic link to nsdejavu.so from a place that
is normally searched by Netscape.

$ cd $HOME/.netscape ; mkdir plugins ; cd plugins
$ ln -s ${prefix}/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so nsdejavu.so

You must not copy nsdejavu.so but create a symbolic link. This is necessary
because nsdejavu.so will first locate its normal installation directory by
following the symbolic link, and then will locate the DjVu viewer djview.

You can then restart Netscape and select menu "Help->About Plugins" to check
that the DjVu plug-in is properly recognized. The Netscape plug-in search rules
are explained in the README file that usually comes with the Netscape
distribution.

3.1.3- TROUBLESHOOTING

Sometimes Netscape creates a huge mess in configuration files
named ${HOME}/.mailcap and ${HOME}/.mime.types. The following
command cleans the djvu related entries in these files:

$ djview -fix

Then restart Netscape and hope for the best.



3.2- NETSCAPE 6.1
-----------------

It seems that Netscape 6 only recognize plug-ins installed inside its own
plug-in directory. This can be done using a symbolic link. Let us assume that
Netscape 6 is installed in /usr/local/netscape6 and that the DjVu plug-in is
installed in /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins.

$ cd /usr/local/netscape6/plugins
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so nsdejavu.so

You can then run Netscape 6.1 and view DjVu images.


3.3- KONQUEROR
--------------

The DjVu plug-in works nicely with the Konqueror web browser.

In Konqueror, select "Settings->Configure Konqueror". When the dialog
appears, select the icon "Netscape Plugins". Make sure that directory
"${prefix}/lib/netscape/plugins" appears in the list of plug-in directories.
Then press button "Scan for new plugins". Clicking the "Plugins" tab button
should display a list of recognized plug-ins. Check that "nsdejavu.so" appears
there. You should now be able to use DjVu with Konqueror.


3.4- MOZILLA
------------

You must establish a link from the mozilla plugin directory. Let us assume
that mozilla is installed under /usr/lib/mozilla-1.1 and that the DjVu plug-in
is installed in /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins.

$ cd /usr/lib/mozilla-1.1/plugins
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so nsdejavu.so

Works nicely.


3.5- GALEON
-----------

Install the plugin for mozilla and it will work for galeon.


3.6- MOZILLA FIREBIRD/FIREFOX
-----------------------------

You must establish a link from the appropriate plugin directory.
Let us assume that mozilla is installed under /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox
and that the DjVu plug-in is installed in /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins.

$ cd /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins
$ ln -s /usr/local/lib/netscape/plugins/nsdejavu.so nsdejavu.so

Works nicely.


3.7- OPERA
----------

You must install openmotif to have plugin support in Opera.
The DjVu plugin then works okay.





4- PORTING NOTES
================


4.1- GNU/LINUX
--------------

Simply typing "configure ; make" should work on most recent distributions.

In addition, the tarball contains a valid spec file for the rpm packager.
The following command should perform all the compilation steps.

$ rpm -ta djvulibre-3.5.X.tar.gz

The resulting rpm files can be found in the usual places.


4.2- SGI IRIX 6.5
-----------------

Successful compilation using qt-2.3.0.
Compilation was made with gcc-3.0.2 with the thread patch discussed at
<http://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2001-08/msg00072.html>.
The configure command line was:
$ ./configure --enable-rpo \
--with-qt=/home/leonb/djvulibre-3.5/BUILDI/qt-2.3.0 \
--with-jpeg=/home/leonb/djvulibre-3.5/BUILDI/libjpeg



4.3- SUN SOLARIS 5
------------------

SPARC-SUN-SOLARIS-5.6:
Successful compilation using qt-2.3.0
Compilation was made with gcc-3.0.2 with option -fpermissive.
The configure command line was:
$ ./configure --enable-rpo \
--with-qt=/home/leonb/djvulibre-3.5/BUILDS/qt-2.3.0 \
--with-jpeg=/home/leonb/djvulibre-3.5/BUILDS/libjpeg \
CXX='g++ -fpermissive'

I386-SUN-SOLARIS-5.9:
Successful compilation using qt-3.2 and gcc-3.3.
1) Installed gcc 3.3
2) Installed and built Qt
3) export QTDIR=/usr/local/qt
4) export QT_CFLAGS=-I/usr/local/qt/include
5) export QT_LIBS='-L/usr/local/qt/lib -lqt -ldl'
6) export PATH=$PATH:/usr/ccs/bin
7) export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/opt/sfw/bin:$PATH
8) export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/sfw/qt/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:/opt/sfw/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
9) cd DjVu/djvulibre-3.5
11) ./configure --with-qt=/usr/local/qt --prefix=/usr/local \
CXX='g++ -fpermissive -DNO_MMX -static-libgcc '
12) make
13) make install



4.4- FREEBSD-4.4
----------------

Successful compilation using gnu-make, qt-2.3.1 and gcc-2.95.3.
The configure command line was:
$ ./configure \
JPEG_LIBS='/usr/local/lib/libjpeg.a' \
JPEG_CFLAGS='-I/usr/local/include'



4.5- MAC OS X 10.3.2
--------------------

We envision two ways to compile DjVuLibre on the Mac.
- either using DarwinPorts or Fink
- or using XCode and the native OS-X utilities.

4.5.1- USING XCODE AND THE NATIVE UTILITIES

Not much has been done at this point.
Please check the file djvulibre-3.5/mac/README.

4.5.2- USING DARWINPORTS OR FINK

DjVuLibre assumes that you have DarwinPorts in /opt/local
or Fink in /sw. Required packages: libjpeg libtiff qt3.
The configure command line is
$ ./configure

DjVuLibre should then compile and install without problems.
The DjVuLibre viewer 'djview' runs under X11.
Similarly, the DjVuLibre plugin does not run in Safari or MSIE.
It only runs in X11 based browsers such as mozilla or konqueror.

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