Re: enabling root over ssh on F11



On Sat, 2009-09-12 at 18:13 +0100, Aaron Gray wrote:
On 12/09/2009, Todd Zullinger <tmz@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
Aaron Gray wrote:
I need to enable root access via sshd. I will be using certificates and
firewalled access.
I tried remove the suffix " user != root quiet" from /etc/pam.d/gdm.

This only affects login via the Gnome Display Manager.

Also added "PermitRootLogin yes" in /etc/ssh/sshd_config.

This is, AFAIK, the default. It doesn't hurt having it, but it should
not be required.

Also put SELinux into Permissive mode.

But still neither root sshd nor login work.

I know that root logins via sshd work on F11, and there isn't anything
special required to allow it that I am aware of. I think you should
post the details of the failure you are seeing. Running ssh with -vvv
for more verbose output might help. Also, check /var/log/secure on
the server to see if it includes any relevant information. If you are
using key based authentication, you should look for lines indicating
that the ownership and permissions on your keys are incorrect.

Its like the password is being rejected but the password works in
'su'. I am getting the following:-

ang@Zinc ~]$ ssh -vvv root@xxxxxxxxxxxx
OpenSSH_5.2p1, OpenSSL 0.9.8k-fips 25 Mar 2009
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug2: ssh_connect: needpriv 0
debug1: Connecting to 192.168.0.16 [192.168.0.16] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: identity file /home/ang/.ssh/identity type -1
debug1: identity file /home/ang/.ssh/id_rsa type -1
debug1: identity file /home/ang/.ssh/id_dsa type -1
debug1: Remote protocol version 2.0, remote software version OpenSSH_5.1
debug1: match: OpenSSH_5.1 pat OpenSSH*
debug1: Enabling compatibility mode for protocol 2.0
debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.2
debug2: fd 3 setting O_NONBLOCK
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: ssh-rsa,ssh-dss
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,arcfour256,arcfour128,aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,arcfour,rijndael-cbc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,arcfour256,arcfour128,aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,arcfour,rijndael-cbc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,umac-64@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-ripemd160,hmac-ripemd160@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,umac-64@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-ripemd160,hmac-ripemd160@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: none,zlib@xxxxxxxxxxx,zlib
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: none,zlib@xxxxxxxxxxx,zlib
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: first_kex_follows 0
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: reserved 0
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: ssh-rsa,ssh-dss
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,rijndael-cbc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,rijndael-cbc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,umac-64@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-ripemd160,hmac-ripemd160@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,umac-64@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-ripemd160,hmac-ripemd160@xxxxxxxxxxx,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: none,zlib@xxxxxxxxxxx
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: none,zlib@xxxxxxxxxxx
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit:
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: first_kex_follows 0
debug2: kex_parse_kexinit: reserved 0
debug2: mac_setup: found hmac-md5
debug1: kex: server->client aes128-ctr hmac-md5 none
debug2: mac_setup: found hmac-md5
debug1: kex: client->server aes128-ctr hmac-md5 none
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REQUEST(1024<1024<8192) sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_GROUP
debug2: dh_gen_key: priv key bits set: 126/256
debug2: bits set: 544/1024
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_INIT sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY
debug3: check_host_in_hostfile: filename /home/ang/.ssh/known_hosts
debug3: check_host_in_hostfile: match line 1
debug1: Host '192.168.0.16' is known and matches the RSA host key.
debug1: Found key in /home/ang/.ssh/known_hosts:1
debug2: bits set: 524/1024
debug1: ssh_rsa_verify: signature correct
debug2: kex_derive_keys
debug2: set_newkeys: mode 1
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS
debug2: set_newkeys: mode 0
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_REQUEST sent
debug2: service_accept: ssh-userauth
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT received
debug2: key: /home/ang/.ssh/identity ((nil))
debug2: key: /home/ang/.ssh/id_rsa ((nil))
debug2: key: /home/ang/.ssh/id_dsa ((nil))
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password
debug3: start over, passed a different list publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password
debug3: preferred gssapi-with-mic,publickey,keyboard-interactive,password
debug3: authmethod_lookup gssapi-with-mic
debug3: remaining preferred: publickey,keyboard-interactive,password
debug3: authmethod_is_enabled gssapi-with-mic
debug1: Next authentication method: gssapi-with-mic
debug3: Trying to reverse map address 192.168.0.16.
debug1: Unspecified GSS failure. Minor code may provide more information
No credentials cache found

debug1: Unspecified GSS failure. Minor code may provide more information
No credentials cache found

debug1: Unspecified GSS failure. Minor code may provide more information


debug2: we did not send a packet, disable method
debug3: authmethod_lookup publickey
debug3: remaining preferred: keyboard-interactive,password
debug3: authmethod_is_enabled publickey
debug1: Next authentication method: publickey
debug1: Trying private key: /home/ang/.ssh/identity
debug3: no such identity: /home/ang/.ssh/identity
debug1: Trying private key: /home/ang/.ssh/id_rsa
debug3: no such identity: /home/ang/.ssh/id_rsa
debug1: Trying private key: /home/ang/.ssh/id_dsa
debug3: no such identity: /home/ang/.ssh/id_dsa
debug2: we did not send a packet, disable method
debug3: authmethod_lookup password
debug3: remaining preferred: ,password
debug3: authmethod_is_enabled password
debug1: Next authentication method: password
root@xxxxxxxxxxxx's password:
debug3: packet_send2: adding 48 (len 64 padlen 16 extra_pad 64)
debug2: we sent a password packet, wait for reply
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password
Permission denied, please try again.
root@xxxxxxxxxxxx's password:
debug3: packet_send2: adding 48 (len 64 padlen 16 extra_pad 64)
debug2: we sent a password packet, wait for reply
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password
Permission denied, please try again.
root@xxxxxxxxxxxx's password:
debug3: packet_send2: adding 48 (len 64 padlen 16 extra_pad 64)
debug2: we sent a password packet, wait for reply
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password
debug2: we did not send a packet, disable method
debug1: No more authentication methods to try.
Permission denied (publickey,gssapi-with-mic,password).

Any clues ?

Aaron


No clues...but, please check your /etc/ssh/sshd_config file again.

Do you, by any chance, have "allowusers" or "allowgroups" or
"denyusers" or "denygroups" in it.

I don't know how sshd will behave if you try to log into an account
that is denied because of the above keywords. Will sshd let you try
to log in only to always say the password is wrong, or will sshd not
even give you the chance to enter a password before denying you?




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