Re: [RFC] zero downtime upgrades to the kernel.

From: Helge Hafting (
Date: 08/11/04

  • Next message: David N. Welton: "Re: 2.6 kernel won't reboot on AMD system - 8042 problem?"
    Date:	Wed, 11 Aug 2004 10:44:54 +0200
    To: James Courtier-Dutton <>

    James Courtier-Dutton wrote:

    > Has anyone investigated how one might be able to upgrade the linux
    > kernel without rebooting?
    > We could maybe start with just being able to upgrade kernel modules
    > while the modules were still in use.
    > E.g. There is a bug in the hard disc driver, and we have a fix, but
    > don't want to reboot the machine.
    > Could we replace the hard disc driver while it was still being used,
    > and keep mounted partitions?

    You can only upgrade a module that isn't in use. So, umount everything
    using that
    driver (keeping linux running from some other drive (or ramdisk))
    replace module,
    reload module, remount filesystems. This can be quite fast, but you do
    have to
    umount (and stop all the processes running from those disks.)

    There are some trick you can use with disks:
    1. Have root on a initial ramdisk, and never remount to a real disk.
    This way,
        all disks can be umounted so any disk device driver can be
    replaced. You'll
        tie up a fair amount of memory in that big initial ramdisk though.

    2. Consider using multipath and different scsi adapters using different
       Perhaps this will let you unload adapter drivers one at a time while you
       reload the other one, and keeps disks & processes running troughout.

    3. Have two identical pc's sharing a set of scsi equipment. When you
    want to upgrade
    the base kernel on one, set your IP addressses so traffic goes to the other.
    This should work with protocols that allows server reboot, such as nfs.

    You simply won't get a linux kernel (or module) that can be replaced
    while running,
    but redundant hardware may give some of the same benefits.

    Helge Hafting
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  • Next message: David N. Welton: "Re: 2.6 kernel won't reboot on AMD system - 8042 problem?"