Re: Serial port blues
- From: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@xxxxxxxxx>
- Date: Sat, 20 Jan 2007 23:07:38 -0800
Joe Barr wrote:
I'm forwarding this post by the author of a great little program for
digital amateur radio on Linux, because I'm curious whether or not the
problem he is seeing can be resolved outside the kernel.
All comments welcome on/off list.
I've spent the last day staring at the oscilloscope and pins RTS and DTR on the serial output for 4 different computers running 4 different versions of Linux. Also have exhausted the search on the internet for information regarding both the latency and jitter associated with ioctl calls to the serial driver (both ttyS and ttyUSB). I'm sure it is out there somewhere, I just cannot find it.
I am now convinced that the current serial port drivers available to us on the Linux platform WILL NOT support CW and/or RTTY that is software generated in a satisfactory manner.
To test the latency and jitter of the ioctl calls to set or clear RTS and / or DTR I built a basic square wave generator with microsecond timing precision. The timing could be derived either from the select system call or by controlled i/o to the sound card. Both provide very precise timing of the program loop. Each time through the loop either the RTS/DTR was set or cleared. The timing jitter for each 1/2 cycle was from 0 to +4 msec. This varied between systems as each had different cpu clock rates. The jitter is caused by the asynchronous response of the kernel to the request to control the port. ioctl requests apparantly do not have a very high priority for the kernel. They are probably just serviced by a first-in first-out interrupt service request loop. That type of jitter is tolerable up to about 20 wpm CW. It totally wipes out the ability to generate an FSK signal on the DTR or RTS pin.
Okay, here he's using bit-banging of the DTR and RTS pins to generate a fairly high precision output wave. This is not really the
Direct access to the serial port(s) is a kernel perogative in Linux. Only kernel level drivers are allowed such port access.
So write a kernel driver. It's not like we're locking anybody out. There is certainly enough Amateur Radio/Linux crossover that a kernel enhancement to support Amateur Radio is going to get frowned upon.
So ... bottom line is that all of my attempts over the past couple of months to provide CW and / or FSK output signal have been to fraught with pitfalls. The CW seems OK for slow speed keying, but the FSK seems impossible to achieve.
The FSK using the UART is also limited by the Linux operating system and the current drivers. That limitation excludes the use of 45 or 56 baud BAUDOT.
That is true at the moment (due to unfortunate design choices made early on), but this is already in the process of being changed:
Until such time as new information becomes available I am going to comment out all references to CW and / or FSK via RTS/DTR. I also question how useful the FSK on TxD (UART derived) might be to most users since the 45.45 baudrate is not available in the serial port driver. That function will also be commented out.
All this should not really come as a surprise since Linux is not a real-time operating system. By the way, I did try the tests with the test program running with nice -20. Not much difference.
See again how he should be using real-time priority rather than nice -20.
Sorry folks, but we win some and lose some.
73, Dave, W1HKJ
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
- Serial port blues
- From: Joe Barr
- Serial port blues
- Prev by Date: Re: PROBLEM: KB->KiB, MB -> MiB, ... (IEC 60027-2)
- Next by Date: Re: Serial port blues
- Previous by thread: RE: Serial port blues
- Next by thread: Re: Serial port blues